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Chinese Gooseberry Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa

Other plants called Chinese Gooseberry:

Previously known as:

  • Actinidia deliciosa
Phonetic Spelling
ak-tih-NID-ee-uh chi-NEN-sis de-lis-ee-OH-sah
Description

Actinidia deliciosa is a dioecious, woody vine usually selected as an addition to individual's gardens because of its kiwi fruit and leaves. Since this plant is dioecious, if you want it to fruit, you must plant both a male and a female plant of Actinidia deliciosa.  The fruit has both nutritional properties and health benefits.  It can be eaten raw and is added to salads.

It is susceptible to cold.  Plants can freeze.  The spring young shoots are very frost tender, a late frost can damage the plant.  An early frost in the fall or winter can damage unharvested fruit.  

When planting, choose the correct site, as this is a plant that does not as its roots disturbed once situated.  A sturdy trellis is recommended.  The young vines need to be trained.  Situate with one straight trunk and one leader on each side.  Protect from strong winds, as the plant can be damaged, and fruiting reduced.

Although there are numerous cultivars and varieties of this plant, many will not be found in the USA.  

Meaning Behind the Name: Referring to a Greek word for ray, Actinidia's meaning shows itself in the shape of the plant since its vines spread out like rays or spokes. Deliciosa is much more obvious in meaning: delicious kiwi fruit!

Where to Plant: The overhead of a patio, the archway of an arbor, or even vertical spaces such as walls, fences, and trellises are just some examples of where this vine Actinidia deliciosa could grow.

Insect Pests, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Insect pests and diseases are not a major problem for this plant. Hairs on the fruits may cause throat irritation.  The fruits also contain actinidin, an enzyme that can also cause irritation.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Abbott'
    Smalll fruit.
  • 'Allison'
    Large fruit.
  • 'Autari'
    Grown in Italy.
  • 'Bruno'
    High yield variety.
  • 'Californian Male'
    Seed comes from China
  • 'Chico Male'
    Seeds come from China
  • 'Donne'
    Grown in warmer climate conditions of South Africa.
  • 'Elizabeth'
    Female
  • 'Elmwood'
    Has the largest fruit
  • 'Fatma'
    Low yield variety.
  • 'First Emporer'
    Female
  • 'Greensill'
    Cyindrical fruit, flattened on both ends.
  • 'Hayward'
    The primary male cultivar. Its fruit is larger, has a better appearance and superior flavor.
  • 'Koryoku'
    Produced by open pollination of 'Hayward'. It is being grown in Japan.
  • 'Lushanxiang'
    Female - fruit sold in USA
  • 'Matua'
    Male cultivar.
  • 'McLean'
    Male cultivar.
  • 'Montgomery'
    Also called Monty, low yield, small fruit.
  • 'Moonya'
    Male cultivar.
  • 'Qinmei'
    Grown in China
  • 'Red Princess'
    Female
  • 'Tere'
    Smallest fruit.
  • 'Tewi'
    Grown in the Canary Islands
  • 'Tomua'
    Released in New Zealand, fruit can be harvested earlier than other cultivars.
  • 'Tomuri'
    Male cultivar.
  • Top Star
    A bud mutation of 'Hayward' with smooth hairless fruit.
  • 'Vincent'
    Female.
  • 'Yellow Joy'
    Female.
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#full sun#cream#light shade#large leaves#disease resistant#fast growing#insect pest tolerant#fences#trellises#vines#dappled sunlight#cream flowers#dioecious#arbors#vigorous vine#kiwi#deciduous vine#patio planting#garden walls
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Abbott'
    Smalll fruit.
  • 'Allison'
    Large fruit.
  • 'Autari'
    Grown in Italy.
  • 'Bruno'
    High yield variety.
  • 'Californian Male'
    Seed comes from China
  • 'Chico Male'
    Seeds come from China
  • 'Donne'
    Grown in warmer climate conditions of South Africa.
  • 'Elizabeth'
    Female
  • 'Elmwood'
    Has the largest fruit
  • 'Fatma'
    Low yield variety.
  • 'First Emporer'
    Female
  • 'Greensill'
    Cyindrical fruit, flattened on both ends.
  • 'Hayward'
    The primary male cultivar. Its fruit is larger, has a better appearance and superior flavor.
  • 'Koryoku'
    Produced by open pollination of 'Hayward'. It is being grown in Japan.
  • 'Lushanxiang'
    Female - fruit sold in USA
  • 'Matua'
    Male cultivar.
  • 'McLean'
    Male cultivar.
  • 'Montgomery'
    Also called Monty, low yield, small fruit.
  • 'Moonya'
    Male cultivar.
  • 'Qinmei'
    Grown in China
  • 'Red Princess'
    Female
  • 'Tere'
    Smallest fruit.
  • 'Tewi'
    Grown in the Canary Islands
  • 'Tomua'
    Released in New Zealand, fruit can be harvested earlier than other cultivars.
  • 'Tomuri'
    Male cultivar.
  • Top Star
    A bud mutation of 'Hayward' with smooth hairless fruit.
  • 'Vincent'
    Female.
  • 'Yellow Joy'
    Female.
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#full sun#cream#light shade#large leaves#disease resistant#fast growing#insect pest tolerant#fences#trellises#vines#dappled sunlight#cream flowers#dioecious#arbors#vigorous vine#kiwi#deciduous vine#patio planting#garden walls
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Actinidia
    Species:
    chinensis var. deliciosa
    Family:
    Actinidiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Grafting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees pollinate the plant.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    light shade (dappled sunlight); insect pests, diseases,
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
    Edibility:
    Fruit is edible: it is sweet and tart.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    The fuzzy kiwi fruit is green when young, turning brown as it ages. The tart, sweet fruit ripens in the early fall. They contain antioxidants and phytonutrients. When it is slightly soft, it is ready to eat. If too soft, it's overripe and not edible. The fruit is produced on female vines.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are cream (or white/green), fragrant, insignificant (you cannot usually see them because of the large leaves), and bloom in late spring. However, flowers do not always bloom. The wood has to be at least a year old. The flowers will open white, but turn a yellow-orange. Covered with white hairs.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Shiny leaves that are dark green on top with silver-grey on the underside. The leaves are also a big reason (other than the fruit) that people grow this plant. These leaves are large, larger than the width of a person's hand and generally cover any spring flowers! The veins of this leaf can be easily seen, especially underneath the leaf where the mid-vein is sticking out a little bit. The lower surface is covered with white, star-shaped hairs. The veins are whitish-green and also covered with star-shaped hairs.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    New shoots are covered with stiff reddish-brown hairs. After the first year, they will have oblong lenticels (porous tissue).
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Patio
    Vertical Spaces
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Insect Pests