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Black Maple Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum

Previously known as:

  • Acer nigrum
Phonetic Spelling
AY-ser sah-KAY-rum NY-grum
Description

Black Maple is a large deciduous tree native to Eastern and Central USA and can be found in the mountains of NC. It typically grows 60 to 80 feet tall with a rounded crown. It differs from A. saccharum (sugar maple) buy having darker bark, leafy stipules at the base of leaf stems and leaves that are 3-lobed and a darker green. The fall color is in attractive shades of red, orange and yellow. The tree can be tapped to make maple syrup.

Black Maple can be grown in well-drained, moist, average soil in full sun to partial shade. Use as a large shade tree, street tree or in parks.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#full sun tolerant#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#tree#maple#nighttime garden#larval host plant#moth larvae#pollinator garden#imperial moth
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#full sun tolerant#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#tree#maple#nighttime garden#larval host plant#moth larvae#pollinator garden#imperial moth
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    saccharum subsp. nigrum
    Family:
    Sapindaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Wood used in construction and making furniture.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and central USA
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the genus Acer support Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) larvae which have one brood per season and appear from April-October in the south. Adult Imperial Moths do not feed. Provides shelter, nesting sites and birds will eat the seeds. Many insects feed off parts of the tree.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heat and drought tolerant.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Clusters of paired samaras (to 1” long) that mature in late summer.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Male flowers are yellow-green in 2-4 inch long drooping umbels. Female flowers are similar but umbels are shorter.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Orbicular
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3 to 6 in. opposite, simple leaves with 3-5 palmate lobes and an orbicular outline. Leaves are drooping, and leathery. Fall color is in reds, oranges and yellows.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Furrowed
    Bark Description:
    The trunk bark is grayish-brown or grayish black, becoming rougher and irregularly furrowed with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Hairy
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Cluster of terminal buds
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Branch bark is gray and more smooth, while twigs are various shades of gray or brown, glabrous, and covered with scattered white lenticels. Buds are reddish-brown with some green and with fine hair. Terminal buds are multiple
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Nighttime Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Moths
    Pollinators