Plant DetailShow Menu

Three-toothed Maple Acer buergerianum

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
AY-ser bur-jer-ee-AY-num
Description

Trident Maple is a small to medium-sized tree from Asia with a rounded, branching form.  The leaves have three forward-facing lobes resembling a trident. It is tolerant of wind, salt, drought, air pollution, and soil compaction. This tree tends to grow as a multi-stemmed low-branching specimen but can be pruned to a single stem. Its preference is for full sun and average well-drained acidic soils.

Trident Maple has a slow to medium growth rate and is easy to transplant. The exfoliating bark reveals an orange-brown inner bark and adds additional interest. The fall color can be variable but is usually reds and oranges but sometimes yellows.

It is frequently used in bonsai. Other uses can be as a street tree or a shade tree for smaller spaces.

Problems: Verticillium wilt is a potential problem for maples. It may suffer limb breakage with snow or ice. 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Kifu Nishiki'
    Rounder leaves
  • 'Mino Yatabusa'
    Dwarf with long narrow leaves
  • 'Mitsubato Kaede'
    Cork-like trunk
  • 'Miyasama yatsubusa'
    Variegated leaves
  • 'Naputo Kaede'
  • 'Nokoribo'
  • 'Streetwise'
    Red fall color, single trunk, exfoliates at a younger age
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#songbirds#compaction#full sun#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#tree#maple#trident#bonsai#salt tolerant#colorful leaves#fall interest#air pollution tolerant#playground#cpp#wind tolerant#exfoliating#dry soil tolerant#children's garden#shimmer#pollinator plant#winged seeds
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Kifu Nishiki'
    Rounder leaves
  • 'Mino Yatabusa'
    Dwarf with long narrow leaves
  • 'Mitsubato Kaede'
    Cork-like trunk
  • 'Miyasama yatsubusa'
    Variegated leaves
  • 'Naputo Kaede'
  • 'Nokoribo'
  • 'Streetwise'
    Red fall color, single trunk, exfoliates at a younger age
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#songbirds#compaction#full sun#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#tree#maple#trident#bonsai#salt tolerant#colorful leaves#fall interest#air pollution tolerant#playground#cpp#wind tolerant#exfoliating#dry soil tolerant#children's garden#shimmer#pollinator plant#winged seeds
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    buergerianum
    Family:
    Aceraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern China, Japan, Korea
    Dimensions:
    Height: 25 ft. 0 in. - 35 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    1 inch long samaras in pairs in the fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Blooms in spring with small greenish-yellow flowers
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    1.5 to 3.5-inch leaves are simple and opposite with 3 triangular lobes that point forward. Leaf base is rounded. Fall color is variable but usually reds and oranges. Color changes later than most maples.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Orange
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Peeling
    Bark Description:
    Exfoliating gray bark develops on mature trunks and reveals an orange-brown inner bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Cluster of terminal buds
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Twigs are slender, flexible and reddish-brown. They have gray hairs. The buds are sharp-pointed.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Patio
    Recreational Play Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Compaction
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Pollution
    Salt
    Wind