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Acer griseum

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
AY-ser grih-SAY-um
Description

Small deciduous tree to 20-30'. Cinnamon brown to reddish-brown exfoliating bark; old bark is purple-brown; seedling variability; casts light shade; hardy. Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil but grows in a variety of soil types; not drought tolerant. Balled and burlaped and containerized plants transplants well in the spring.  Can tolerate clay soils. Adaptable to a variety of pH levels. This species has an upright-oval to oval habit. With age the tree has a certain dignity; red fall foliage color is poor in the south.  This is a popular bonsai tree.  Propagation is difficult by seed and cuttings but young stems are the easiest to root.

Family name Sapindaceae (formerly Aceraceae)

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves compound, trifoliolate
  • Conspicuous pubescent petiole & lower vein axils
  • Exfoliating bark
  • Buds: 3-7 mm, brownish-black, sharply pointed, scales imbricate.
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hardy#deciduous#fall color#small tree#shade tree#songbirds#bark#small spaces#wildlife plant#bonsai#winter interest#fall interest#playground#showy bark#exfoliating#children's garden#woodland#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hardy#deciduous#fall color#small tree#shade tree#songbirds#bark#small spaces#wildlife plant#bonsai#winter interest#fall interest#playground#showy bark#exfoliating#children's garden#woodland#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    griseum
    Family:
    Sapindaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central China
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Pieces Used in Games
    Textural
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    A schizocarp of two samaras, 1 1/2" long, wings divergent and with unusually large seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Ornamentally insignificant flowers bloom from April-May
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3"- 6" opposite, palmately compound trifoliate leaves. The middle leaflet is short-stalked. Silvery with fine hairs on the underside; bright red and orange fall color; one of the last maples to develop fall color; leaves persist into winter. Conspicuous pubescent petiole & lower vein axils.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Bark Description:
    Extremely ornamental peels of bark that remain on the tree instead of falling to the ground. Purple-brown outer bark peels back in papery curls to reveal rose-brown inner bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Brown to reddish brown. Buds < 1/4", brownish-black, sharply pointed, scales imbricate.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Patio
    Pool/Hardscape
    Recreational Play Area
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Shade Tree
    Attracts:
    Songbirds