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Spiny Bear's Breeches Acanthus spinosus

Phonetic Spelling
ah-KAN-thus spih-NO-sus
Description

Grows well in well-drained soil in partial shade.  Does not do well in wet soils.  It spreads easily by seed and also root cutting making it almost impossible to eradicate out of a planting bed.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious problems though slugs and snails can do damage.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#showy flowers#partial shade#summer#perennial#cut flowers#mid-summer flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#showy flowers#partial shade#summer#perennial#cut flowers#mid-summer flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acanthus
    Species:
    spinosus
    Family:
    Acanthaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Mediterranean
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Tolerates damage from rabbits.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Spreading
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Lipped
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    White snapdragon-like flowers surrounded by spiny pink-mauve-red bracts arranged in rows on showy spikes that are 3-4' tall. Blooms late spring to mid-summer.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Prickly
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Bear's breeches colorful deeply cut leaves makes a bold architectural statement with its large (2'-3'), spiny leaves, which served as the pattern for the design on Greek Corinthian columns. they are arching, glossy, thistle like leaves that emerge from a rosette in the center of the plant.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns
    Weedy