Plant DetailShow Menu

Japanese Fir Abies firma

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
AY-bees FIR-mah
Description

Moni Fir is a needled evergreen in the conifer family that is native to Japan. It can grow to 70 feet or taller with a broad conical crown. This fir is more tolerant of hot humid climates than most firs are and can be grown in the southeast. 

Plant in full sun or with some afternoon shade in average, consistently moist and slightly acidic soil. It is tolerant of clay soils. Use a specimen for a large yard, screening or as a Christmas tree.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: None serious. Possible insects are bark beetles, spruce budworms, aphids, bagworms, spider mites and scale. Potential disease problems include cankers, heart rot, root rot, needle rust, and twig blight. 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Asian Garden- Pathway
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#shade tree#full sun#conical#needles#large tree#slow growing#poor drainage#fine texture#bonsai#accent plant#wet sites#disease resistant#needled evergreen#screening#Braham Arboretum#evergreen tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#shade tree#full sun#conical#needles#large tree#slow growing#poor drainage#fine texture#bonsai#accent plant#wet sites#disease resistant#needled evergreen#screening#Braham Arboretum#evergreen tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Abies
    Species:
    firma
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used as bonsai and Christmas trees. Wood is used for timber, flooring, crates, and paper pulp
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Japan
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Is immune to the balsam woolly adelgid which can be a problem for other species of fir. It is resistant to phytopthora root rot.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Columnar
    Conical
    Open
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    3-6 inch long conical seed cones are erect on branches and showy through the summer. In fall the cone breaks apart leaving only the center of the cone on the tree. The pollen cones are 1.25 inches long and droop from the leaf axils.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    No flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Shape:
    Filiform
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    .8-1.5 in. dark green fragrant flattened needles that spread at nearly right angles from the shoot. Needles are notched at base; sharp prickly point. They are bright green above, and greyish-green below with two broad stomatal bands.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Fissured
    Ridges
    Scaly
    Shredding
    Spongy
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Irregular
    Bark Description:
    The bark is scaly grey-brown, with resin blisters on young trees. Becomes scaly, fissured and corky with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Young branches are ascending but become horizontal with age. The shoots are grooved, buff to grey-brown, glabrous or finely pubescent
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Screen/Privacy
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Humidity
    Wet Soil