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Taurus Fir Abies cilicica

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
AY-bees sil-LEH-see-kah
Description

Cilicica fir is a conifer in the Pinaceae family that typically grows at 3,000-6,000 feet in elevation. It is a tall, narrow tree with bright green needles. Trunks can reach 20 feet in diameter in the wild. This tree is often confused with Abies nordmanniana, which needle out much later in spring, are hardier and have always been more commonly planted.

The native range is south-central and south Turkey to north Lebanon.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#shade tree#full sun#light shade#needles#cones#red flowers#conifer
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#shade tree#full sun#light shade#needles#cones#red flowers#conifer
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Abies
    Species:
    cilicica
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Columnar
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Mountains
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Seed cones are upright on branches cylindrical 6-8 inches long apex bluntly pointed scales fan-shaped, bracts hidden. Cones can be light green, light yellow, and brown. Resinous, seeds reddish-brown wing obovoid.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Bright green with white bands on undersides are loosely arranged. Needles can be green, light green, or blue-green.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Ashy gray, smooth becoming deeply fissured into scaly plates.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Buds are not resinous ovoid, brown, scales keeled and free at tips 1-1.8 mm in diameter. Branches are reddish to yellow-gray to olive-brown whorled.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree