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Verbascum

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ver-BASK-um
Description

Mulleins are dramatic perennials with tall spikes of small flowers, and basal rosettes of large, woolly leaves. They can be annuals, biennials, to short-lived perennials but most are biennials. They are easy to grow in dry to average garden soil but must have good drainage. Do not over-fertilize as they prefer poor soils. They add vertical interest to the flower garden and will self-seed if you leave a few blooms.

Mulleins are all susceptible to spider mite damage in hot areas.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#annual#biennial#cut flowers#showy leaves#spiky#poor soils tolerant#rocky soils tolerant#dry soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#annual#biennial#cut flowers#showy leaves#spiky#poor soils tolerant#rocky soils tolerant#dry soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Verbascum
    Family:
    Scrophulariaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Verbascum flowers have been used in traditional Austrian medicine internally as a tea or externally for the treatment of disorders of the respiratory tract, skin, veins, gastrointestinal tract, and the locomotor system.
    Life Cycle:
    Biennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Asia, Africa
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    2-3 feet tall spikes of 1 inch, 5-petaled, saucer-shaped blooms in various colors.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Feel:
    Velvety
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are spirally arranged, often densely hairy, though glabrous (hairless) in some species. The basal rosettes can be up to 2 foot wide.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Poor Soil