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European Bladdernut Staphylea pinnata

Phonetic Spelling
staf-FY-lee-a pin-NAY-tuh
Description

Staphylea pinnata, or European Bladdernut, is a deciduous, suckering, perennial shrub or small tree that grows to 15 feet high and 15 feet wide. It is a low-maintenance, vigorous heavily branched plant with an upright habit. European Bladdernut grows easily in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. For best results, site in partial shade with rich, evenly moist soils. It will tolerate a variety of soils, but not dry ones. This is a very ornamental plant and flowers best in years that follow hot summers.

The seed capsule of this plant is often described as being "bladder-like" in appearance, hence the common name of bladdernut for this shrub.

Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems:

No serious insect or disease problems, although leaf spot and twig blight may occur. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#vigorous#perennial#shrub#tree#flowering shrub
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#vigorous#perennial#shrub#tree#flowering shrub
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Staphylea
    Species:
    pinnata
    Family:
    Staphyleaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central Europe, Turkey, and the Caucasus
    Edibility:
    Seeds are eaten raw and said to taste like pistachios. The seeds are eaten by children in Germany.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is an inflated, papery, baggy, 2 to 3 lobed, subglobose seed capsule (to 1 1/2 inches long).
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    Colored Sepals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small, fragrant, white flowers (each to 1/2 inch long) with red-tipped sepals bloom in drooping panicles (each to 5 inches long) in May and June.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Compound pinnate leaves with 5 to 7 pointed leaflets (each to 4 inches long).
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Border
    Flowering Tree
    Hedge