Plant DetailShow Menu

Quercus myrtifolia

Common Name(s):

Description

Myrtle Oak is a small to medium drought-tolerant broadleaf evergreen tree in the Fagaceae (beech) family. It often grows shrubby and while it can reach a height of 15-20 feet high with an 8-10 foot spread it rarely gets taller than 8 feet with a trunk size of 2 to 3 inches in diameter. It is found in dry sandy soils of dunes, sandhills, and ridges with a western range limit of coastal Mississippi.

This is a low-maintenance plant that works well in any sunny locations in the landscape as an accent plant or the back of a shrub border.  Its evergreen leaves provide winter interest in the landscape.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#small tree#drought tolerant#low maintenance#accent plant#evergreen tree#border back
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#small tree#drought tolerant#low maintenance#accent plant#evergreen tree#border back
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    myrtifolia
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    AL , FL , GA , MS , NC , SC
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Broad
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Biennial oval to round dark brown acorn up to 5/8 inch. The cap covers 1/4-1/3 of the nut.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Male flowers in catkins
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    2-inch long by 1 inch wide dark green leathery evergreen leaves are a lighter green to yellowish bloom underneath. Entire margins are rolled under and there is a bristle at the tip. Leaves persist on the tree until new leaves form in spring.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Furrowed
    Bark Description:
    The bark is gray and smooth, becoming furrowed with age
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Scales:
    Enclosed in more than 2 scales
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Reddish-brown twigs with hairs. Oval buds that narrow to a point with reddish-brown scales
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Small Space
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought