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Picea mariana

Phonetic Spelling
PY-see-uh mar-ee-AH-nuh
Description

The Black Spruce grows in a conical, spire-like form.  Grown best in cool climates, dislikes summer heat and prefers moderately moist soil.

The long wood fibers of black spruce and most often used for pulpwood, used for producing high-quality papers.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Aureovariegata', 'Nana'
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#conifer#playground#children's garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Aureovariegata', 'Nana'
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#conifer#playground#children's garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Picea
    Species:
    mariana
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Leaf Cutting
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Fire Risk Rating:
    extreme flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Twigs, leaves, and seed serve as food for wildlife. Nesting site for birds.
    Play Value:
    Pieces Used in Games
    Wildlife Nesting
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2b, 2a, 3b, 3a, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit Type: Cone
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Purplish cones that mature to brown in the fall
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    4-sided dull bluish-green needles
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Recreational Play Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds