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Rose Cactus Pereskia

Description

Pereskia is a small genus with four species in the Cactaceae family that is native to South America.  Species range in form from shrubs to small trees to vines.  It is like other cacti with its showy flowers but unlike other cacti in that it has fleshy leaves and non-succulent stems. It is believed that this genus is the original one from which all other cacti evolved.  

These plants grow best in full sun or bright, direct light.  They prefer moist soil but can tolerate infrequent watering.  Being tropical plants, these grow best in warm temperatures and high humidity.  Prune as necessary to promote a bushier habit.

 

VIDEO Created by Laura Barth for "Houseplants, Succulents, and Cacti", a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#deciduous#houseplant#succulent#spines#edible fruits#edible leaves#tropical#desert plant#container plants#hsc#hsc-c
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#deciduous#houseplant#succulent#spines#edible fruits#edible leaves#tropical#desert plant#container plants#hsc#hsc-c
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pereskia
    Family:
    Cactaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Venezuela, Paraguay
    Edibility:
    The leaves are edible and some species have edible fruit.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Shrub
    Succulent
    Tree
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Description:
    Some species produce edible fruit.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The many-stamened flowers can come in many colors depending on the species.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Despite being a cactus, this plant grows true leaves. They are simple and entire, growing from areoles along with sharp spines. The leaves are edible.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Older stems grow a smooth bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Newer growth is green with no spines while older growth grows bark and sharp spines from areoles.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns