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Larix decidua

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
LAIR-iks de-SID-joo-uh
Description

European Larch is a large deciduous conifer with a pyramidal to irregular shape with drooping horizontal branches.  Its size makes it an ideal plant for a large property.  Its slender form when young becomes more irregular with cones and dead branches persisting as the tree ages.  It is intolerant of hot, humid conditions.  Performs best in locations with cool summers and cold winters.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Can be affected by larch casebearer, which eats the interior of the needles.  Aphids, larch sawfly, and Japanese beetle are some insects that may affect this tree.  Diseases include needle cast and rust, and canker.  This tree loses its uniform habit with age.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Pendula'
    Weeping form
'Pendula'
Tags:
#deciduous#wind tolerant#needled evergreen#deer resistant#cold tolerant#deciduous conifer#dry soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Pendula'
    Weeping form
'Pendula'
Tags:
#deciduous#wind tolerant#needled evergreen#deer resistant#cold tolerant#deciduous conifer#dry soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Larix
    Species:
    decidua
    Family:
    Pineaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central and Southern Europe
    Wildlife Value:
    Attractive to birds.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 100 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Irregular
    Pyramidal
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6b, 6a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    This tree is non-fruiting but produces 1.5" reddish-brown cones that are covered with brown hairs.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    Non-flowering
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The 1", bright green needles will turn a yellow-amber color in the fall.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Scaly
    Bark Description:
    The bark on larger branches can be attractive.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer