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Zebra Haworthia Haworthiopsis attenuata

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Zebra Haworthia:

Previously known as:

  • Haworthia attenuata
Phonetic Spelling
ha-worth-ee-OP-sis at-ten-yoo-AY-tuh
Description

The Zebra Plant is a popular succulent houseplant native to South Africa. It is small in size with a rosette of stiff, opaque, linear leaves that are covered in attractive white spots. The plant is a species of the Haworthiopsis genus that formerly included species that have been moved to the Haworthia genus, a distinction that generally depends on the characteristics of their leaves. In general, succulants in the Haworthiopsis genus have opaque, linear leaves, either basal or rosette, with white spots on the back of the leaves, as found on the Zebra Plant. On some species, these spots are joined to form bands. Haworthia, on the other hand, tend to have translucent epidermal windows on the tops of the leaves. Note that the divisions among these genus are still being debated. For example, This plant is sometimes mistaken for and sold under the much rarer species Haworthiopsis fasciata– they can be distinguished by the fact that H. attenuata has a bumpy surface all around its leaves while H. fasciata's upper leaf surfaces are smooth.

The Zebra Plant is a slow growing succulent, but has a long life span of up to 50 years. In the wild, these plants grow in very harsh conditions and are commonly found buried in sand. For gardeners, they are easy to grow, preferring a well-draining soil mix. Also, unlike other Haworthiopsis or Haworthia, this plant can grow well indoors or out and will tolerate mild frost. While they are somewhat tolerant of low-light conditions, they prefer full sun or bright direct light, which also produces the best colors in the leaves. Zebra Plant produces pups and offsets and to propagate these plants, separate the pups or remove the offshoots from the parent plant.

Diseases, Insect Pests, and Other Plant Problems:

Excessive watering can cause root rot.

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Houseplants, Succulents, and Cacti", a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • f. caespitosa
    The white spots form bands across the leaves
f. caespitosa
Tags:
#full sun tolerant#houseplant#drought tolerant#succulent#easy to grow#bright light#pet friendly#well-drained soil#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#container plant#easy to grow houseplant#perennial
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • f. caespitosa
    The white spots form bands across the leaves
f. caespitosa
Tags:
#full sun tolerant#houseplant#drought tolerant#succulent#easy to grow#bright light#pet friendly#well-drained soil#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#container plant#easy to grow houseplant#perennial
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Haworthiopsis
    Species:
    attenuata
    Family:
    Asphodelaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Leaf Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South Africa
    Play Value:
    Colorful
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 4 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 2 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Perennial
    Succulent
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9b, 9a, 10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Capsule ovoid to oblong, 3-locular. Seeds with angles winged.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Produces small lavender blossoms on thin, strawlike, stalks.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Orange
    Pink
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Other/more complex
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Opaque, stiff, linear leaves with white spots on both the tops and bottoms. The leaves are entire. Bright light can cause many different colors to develop in the leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Rock Wall
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought