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Gentianella quinquefolia is often confused with:
Gentiana saponaria Form
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Maianthemum racemosum Smilacina racemosa
Viola striata Viola striata
Heuchera villosa Form

Stiff Gentian Gentianella quinquefolia

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
jen-shee-an-EL-luh kwin-kway-FOH-lee-uh
Description

Stiff Gentian is a native wildflower in the Gentianaceae family found in roadsides, wet fields, bogs and wet woods in the mountains of NC. It prefers full sun to light shade in moist to dry conditions, and a somewhat barren clay or rocky soil. The many flowers appear in late summer to fall in upright clusters of lavender blooms.

The NC Native Plant Society does not recommend this plant for home landscapes.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#partial shade#fall flowers#NC native#summer flowers#full sunlight#mountains#wind dispersed seeds#native wildflower#wildflower garden#water dispersed seeds
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#partial shade#fall flowers#NC native#summer flowers#full sunlight#mountains#wind dispersed seeds#native wildflower#wildflower garden#water dispersed seeds
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Gentianella
    Species:
    quinquefolia
    Family:
    Gentianaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Biennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Canada to Eastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    USA: AR , CT , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: ON
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Capsule divides into 2 parts to release the numerous tiny seeds. These seeds are distributed by wind and water.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Funnel
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Violet to white, funnel-shaped flowers in multiple tight clusters that are held stiffly upright. Produces dozens of tubular, .5-1 in. flowers with five bristly-tipped lobes August through October.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are up to 2.5 inches long and half as wide and become smaller as they ascend the stem. They are stalkless (sessile) with smooth hairless surfaces and sharply pointed tips. Color is yellow-green to green to a slight purple tint. Each leaf has 3 parallel veins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Angular
    Stem Description:
    The stems are light green to reddish-purple, 4-angular, and slightly winged.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden