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Showy Orchis Galearis spectabilis

Other Common Name(s):

Description

This plant is a native perennial found in Ontario and Quebec in Canada but is found further south in the southeastern US.  It grows 6-12 inches with a pair of 4-8 inch, smooth, lustrous leaves and displays an upright 5-9 inch flower stalk with 3/4 to 1-inch flowers from April through June. Its lilac-to-magenta erect hood is distinctive.

It prefers partial shade and rich, moist and usually rocky woodlands.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#native#white#showy flowers#understory#partial shade#lavender#spring#perennial
Cultivars:
Tags:
#native#white#showy flowers#understory#partial shade#lavender#spring#perennial
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Galearis
    Species:
    spectabilis
    Family:
    Orchidaceae
    Distribution:
    Native in Quebec to Ontario in Canada, and south to North Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, Missouri and Kansas.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1 in. leafy bract flower on 5-9 in. stalk; a spur hangs from the flat white lip; other petals and sepals are joined together to form a lilac to magenta erect hood
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Pair of smooth, lustrous leaves, 4-8 in. long, at the base of the upright flower stalk
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden