Plant DetailShow Menu

Euphorbia lathyris

Phonetic Spelling
yoo-FOR-bee-ah lath-EYE-riss
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Euphorbia lathyris is an annual herb that flowers from May to June. It can be found in the landscape as a cultivated herbaceous perennial, or weedy in disturbed areas, or escaping in waste places and around buildings It will grow well in most types of soil and in shade or sun. The plant is self-seeding and can be difficult to remove once established. Leaves alternate below and opposite above and yellow, crescent-shaped, glands on the rim of the cup-shaped "flower" contain large, 3-lobed capsules holding seeds. The growing plant is said to repel mice and moles (hence the common name Mole Plant), although this may be more folklore than fact. Caper spurge, as it is commonly known, was once used as a purgative and all parts of the plant, especially the milky sap, are considered toxic causing nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea when ingested and redness, swelling, and blisters following contact with the skin.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#annual#biennial#cpp#part shade#seed pods
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#annual#biennial#cpp#part shade#seed pods
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Euphorbia
    Species:
    lathyris
    Family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Biennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central Asia to Pakistan and China to North Vietnam
    Distribution:
    Mountains
    Edibility:
    Poisonous
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Flowers give rise to globose capsules that are coarsely wrinkled and have 3 lobes.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are either male or female, but both are found on the same plant. Flowers are pollinated by flies.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Opposite
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are arranged in an opposite fashion at the top of the plant.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    The stems are erect, fleshy and can exude a milky latex.
  • Landscape:
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea when ingested. Causes redness, swelling, and blisters on the skin after some delay following contact.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Diterpene esters in milky latex.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems