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Eranthis hyemalis is often confused with:
Eranthis cilicica
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Nerium oleander Nerium oleander
Kalanchoe
Narcissus A field of daffodils taken in Hurley Park, Salisbury, NC

Eranthis hyemalis

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Helleborus hyemalis
Phonetic Spelling
er-AN-thiss hy-eh-MAY-liss
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This delightful yellow flower will add a splash of color rock gardens, beds, and woodland gardens.  Plant tubers 1 in. apart, 60-100 per sq. ft., burying it 5 in. to the base of the tuber.  This plant is injured below 5 degrees F (-15 degrees C).  It tolerates drought, but make sure to keep the soil moist during the growing season.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Flowers nodding, petaloid sepals
  • Short plant with stiff, large, evergreen leaves 
  • Leaves are palmately divided into many leaflets
  • Flower center of numerous stamens outlined by tubular nectaries, or fleshy , beaked capsules

Blooms in late winter to very early spring; utilized for borders or patios in protected, shady spots; poisonous leaves and roots- Greek 'helein'= to injure and 'bora'= food; excellent for long, winter blooming display. 

Numerous hybrid selections and species available, often difficult to distinguished, misidentified in trade, and each callen lenten rose, a name historically associated with H. orientalis. 

Prefers partial to full shade; prefers organic-enriched soil; intolerant of bright winter sun and high temperatures; Fungal diseases are main problem.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#yellow#poisonous#drought tolerant#yellow flowers#woodland#rock gardens#beds#yellow gem#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#yellow#poisonous#drought tolerant#yellow flowers#woodland#rock gardens#beds#yellow gem#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Eranthis
    Species:
    hyemalis
    Family:
    Ranunculaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia Minor and Europe
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 3 in. - 0 ft. 5 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 3 in. - 0 ft. 5 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Poisonous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Clustered, green, fleshy capsules, long-beaked, surrounded by persistent sepals.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Blooms in early spring, February/March. A stalked cyme or panicle, terminal, bracteated, often nodding; bracts gigantic, leaf-like, dark green, entire to sparsely toothed, +/- lobed. 1-many, usually greenish, tinted gold or brown, pink or purple, cup or bowl-shaped, nodding, 3-4" dia; sepals 5, showy, pigmented, broadly ovate-elliptic; inner petal segments numerous, consisting of tubular nectaries, green to greenish-yellow, ephemeral; stamens numerous, anther yellow.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Basal or cauline, palmately compound, coriaceous, glabrous; petiloes elongate, peltate; leaflets 3-9, irregularly toothed or serrate.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stout, rhizomatous or exposed.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Rock Wall
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, disturbed vision, shortness of breath, irregular pulse, and potential cardiac arrest.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Cardiac glycosides of the bufadienolide group
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems