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Crassula ovata

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Crassula argentea
Description

Jade plant is a subtropical broadleaf evergreen succulent that is a popular houseplant. The species name "ovata" means egg-shaped referring to the thick, fleshy leaves.   Plant in well-drained potting soil that contains a lot of loam, as they need good drainage and place the pot in a sunny location indoors.  It requires well-drained drier soil, so one must be careful not to overwater (this plant will develop root rot in poorly-drained soil).  Bright light and average to cool indoor temperatures are also essential for good plant health.  Propagation is easily achieved by leaf cutting.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves are oval, succulent, and entire
  • Stems are branched and thick with prominent stipular scars
  • Leaves have scattered sunken stomata

Desired for succulent, fleshy foliage as interior desert-type garden or specimen plant; does not usually bloom in normal room environments; oval succulent non-toothed leaves with sunken stomata and thick stems with prominent stipular scars are key ID features for this plant; small root system does not require a large pot. 

Intolerant of low light (drops leaves); intolerant of high moisture levels; prefers high light and dry soil (water when leaves begin to shrivel) with low relative humidity; pest/disease problems

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#tropical#evergreen#pink#houseplant#drought tolerant#perennial#container plant#succulent#pink flowers#interiorscape#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#tropical#evergreen#pink#houseplant#drought tolerant#perennial#container plant#succulent#pink flowers#interiorscape#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crassula
    Species:
    ovata
    Family:
    Crassulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Leaf Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South Africa
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Houseplant
    Succulent
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    11a, 11b, 12b, 12a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Pollinated flowers produce a small capsule filled with seed.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Colored Sepals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    This plant rarely blooms as a houseplant but can form a 2-3 branched cyme with white flowers tinged with pink. They have 4-5 petals that are fused at the base and purple anthers. This plant has abundant terminal clusters of small white flowers following the development of pink sepal covered flower buds.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Cuneate
    Obovate
    Obtuse
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The 1 to 3½ inches long and ¾ to 1½ inches wide oval leaves are thick, fleshy, and shiny. They are mid to dark green, stemless and the margins will acquire a red tint in direct sun. The leaves have scattered sunken stomata and tend to be clustered at the ends of the branches. This plant has succulent, flattened, obovate leaves on thick, brittle, succulent stems. Leaves are simple and nearly sessile.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Bark Description:
    The bark is woody, peeling with stipular scars prominent.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Branched, fleshy, and thick
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought