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Coriandrum sativum

Phonetic Spelling
kor-ee-AN-drum sah-TEE-vum
Description

Cilantro is a culinary herb that grows best in cool climates in spring and fall. It prefers medium moist well-drained soil in full sun to light shade. It bolts easily in hotter climates. It can become weedy outside of cultivation.

The leaves and stems are used to flavor various dishes. The mature seeds are called coriander and are used for flavoring.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Vegetable No-Till Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#edible plant#herb garden#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#edible plant#herb garden#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Coriandrum
    Species:
    sativum
    Family:
    Apiaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Leaf, flowers, stems, seeds are edible. Seeds also used in potpourri and sachets.
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Mediterranean
    Wildlife Value:
    Larval host plant to swallow-tailed butterflies
    Play Value:
    Easy to Grow
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Edibility:
    Leaves, stems, flowers and seeds are edible. Leaves/flowers as an herb and seeds (Coriander) as a spice.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herb
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Coriander seeds ripen in round, yellow-brown pod
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    White to pink flowers in clusters of 2 inches across.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Simple
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Upper leaves are simple and fernlike and the lower leaves are broadly lobed, compound and resemble parsley
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies