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Korean Hornbeam Carpinus turczaninovii

Previously known as:

  • Carpinus coreana
Phonetic Spelling
kar-PI-nus kor-ee-AH-nuh
Description

Korean Hornbeam is a rapidly growing deciduous large shrub or small tree native to Asia.  It has multiple trunks with a flat-topped to round dense form, pendulous maroon branches and tiny leaves.  Plant it in the full sun to partial shade and it withstands a wide variety of soil types though prefers loamy soil.  It works well as a specimen in an Asian themed garden and is often used as a bonsai plant.  Plant it near a maple tree to highlight the contrast between small and large leaves. It is tolerant of drought, wind, and urban conditions including paving.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Bonsai Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#slow growing#bonsai#red stems#hairy leaves#urban conditions tolerant#dry soils tolerant#fall color red#tiny leaves
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#slow growing#bonsai#red stems#hairy leaves#urban conditions tolerant#dry soils tolerant#fall color red#tiny leaves
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Carpinus
    Species:
    turczaninovii
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China, Korea, Japan
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Verticillium Wilt
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 12 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Multi-stemmed
    Multi-trunked
    Rounded
    Weeping
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Overlapping bracts forming a stalked thin catkin about 1" long that resembles hops.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Separate male and female flowers in catkins that appear in mid-spring.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Small, simple, alternate, ovate, toothed, dark green on top lighter below with 10-12 pairs of deep veins, hairs on the underside and burgandy fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Light brown to gray smooth speckled bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Description:
    Brown to maroon stems that are short and zig zagging with a short distance between buds.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Small Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Urban Conditions
    Wind