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Capsicum annuum (Grossum Group)

Phonetic Spelling
KAP-sih-kum AN-yoo-um
Description

The Grossum Group is the sweet bell pepper.  When immature, this pepper is green and bitter tasting.  As it matures, it will become bright red and sweet.  You may also find green, yellow, orange, white, pink, and purple varieties.

This vegetable's high water content will add moisture to any dish.  It can be eaten raw or cooked.  Its colors also make an attractive addition to dishes.  

Red Bell Pepper is the sweetest of Bells and holds a nice flavor when grilled.  They are firm, crisp, and crunchy.

Yellow Bell Pepper has a sweet taste and high nutritional content.  The thick, fleshy skin will hold a char-grill flavor.

Orange Bell Peppers have a tangy, fruity taste.  Don't do as well on the grill as the Red and Yellow Bell Peppers, but great for adding color to salads.

Green Bell Peppers are not as sweet as some other peppers.  It is typically removed from the vine before natural sugars are produced. They have a more bitter, tangy taste.

Orange Bell Peppers have a high juice content and are firm, crisp and crunchy.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems: Although few insects will kill the Bell Pepper, several may damage the plant and fruit.  They include beet armyworms, cutworms, flea beetles, aphids, leafrollers, weevils thrips, tomato fruitworms, tomato psyllid, spider mites, and whiteflies. 

Diseases that may damage or destroy the fruit include Fungal diseases such as damping-off, crown and root rot, stem and fruit rot, gray mold, and powdery mildew.  Viruses include mild mottle virus, tobacco mosaic virus, and tomato spotted wilt virus.

Other conditions that may affect the fruit are blossom end rot, sunscald, fruit cracks, fruit splitting, and fruit spots.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

 

More information on Capsicum annuum.

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Vegetable Garden and Pollinator Plants
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#annual#drought tolerant#vegetable garden#edible fruits#vegetable#edible#colorful fruits#warm season vegetable
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#annual#drought tolerant#vegetable garden#edible fruits#vegetable#edible#colorful fruits#warm season vegetable
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Capsicum
    Species:
    annuum
    Family:
    Solanaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Mexico, Central America and northern South America
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Edibility:
    Fruits are edible and mild eaten raw or cooked.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Edible
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Cylindrical and ribbed. Immature fruits are green and mature to red, yellow, or orange. Quite mild to taste.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Star
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Nodes may be purple in color.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Small Space
    Vertical Spaces
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Specimen