Plant DetailShow Menu

Turnips Brassica rapa (Rapifera Group)

Phonetic Spelling
BRAS-ih-ka RAY-puh
Description

Turnips are in the mustard family and are grown as an edible food crop for both their green tops and the root. They can be grown in spring or fall but are the best tasting as a fall crop. Seeds can be sown mid-summer for a fall crop. The root itself comes in various colors from yellow to white with or without red or purple at the top. They can also be round or flattish in shape. Young leaves are great in a salad or older leaves can be sauteed. 

Grow this plant in fertile, moist well-drained soil in full sun and water as needed to keeps the soil lightly moist. They germinate quickly and mature in about 8 weeks. Turnip roots taste best if grown in moist conditions and are picked young. They are also sweeter after a light fall frost.

Problems, Pests and Diseases: aphids, whiteflies, flea beetles, and caterpillars such as cabbage loopers, cutworms, and beet armyworms. Slugs and snails may also be a problem. Diseases include club root, white rust, leaf spot, and rots such as damping off and bacterial soft rot.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • ‘Just Right’
  • ‘Purple Top White Globe’
  • ‘Yellow Globe’
    Golden roots
‘Just Right’, ‘Purple Top White Globe’, ‘Yellow Globe’
Tags:
#vegetable garden#edible roots#vegetable#edible leaves#cool season vegetable#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • ‘Just Right’
  • ‘Purple Top White Globe’
  • ‘Yellow Globe’
    Golden roots
‘Just Right’, ‘Purple Top White Globe’, ‘Yellow Globe’
Tags:
#vegetable garden#edible roots#vegetable#edible leaves#cool season vegetable#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Brassica
    Species:
    rapa
    Family:
    Brassicaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Biennial
    Edibility:
    Root and leaves are edible raw or cooked
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Vegetable
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Shape:
    Cross
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small yellow 4-petaled flowers
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are generally light green and slightly hairy. They are an elongated oval, with toothed or wavy edges.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Problems:
    Frequent Insect Problems
    Problem for Horses