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Hard Fern Blechnum spicant

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
BLECK-num SPIK-ant
Description

This evergreen fern has ascending rhizomes and prefers strongly acidic, humus-rich soil and partial to full shade, but will tolerate some sun with adequate moisture. It seldom needs division.

VIDEO Created by NC State Extension's Homegrown series featuring Mark Weathington, Director of JC Raulston Arboretum.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#partial shade#acidic soil#deep shade#shade tolerant#shade garden#fronds#fern#deer resistant#rich soil
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#partial shade#acidic soil#deep shade#shade tolerant#shade garden#fronds#fern#deer resistant#rich soil
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Blechnum
    Species:
    spicant
    Family:
    Aspleniaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    NW. Africa, Europe to Iran, Japan, S. Alaska to W. U.S.A
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heavy shade, Deer
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Habit/Form:
    Ascending
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    No fruits. This plant reproduces via spores.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Fronds
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has a green, lance-shaped rosette that is pinnatifid, feels like leather, and arises in a vase-shaped clump. These fronds can be as long as 24 inches but as short as 8 inches. The (more so growing horizontally) rosette is sterile, while the erect (growing vertically) fronds are fertile. It tapers towards each tip with fertile fronds in the middle.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade