Plant DetailShow Menu

Maidenhair Spleenwort Asplenium trichomanes

Previously known as:

  • Asplenium incisum
Phonetic Spelling
ah-SPLEE-nee-um try-KAW-ma-nees
Description

Maidenhair spleenwort is a short, dainty, fragile-looking native fern with creeping or ascending rhizomes.   It naturally occurs in shady rock cervices.  It requires moisture along with good drainage.  The optimum setting is moist humus among limestone rocks.  It performs best in a humid climate.

Maintenance is not an issue as little special care is required.  Consider planting in a location that protects the fern from winter and early spring winds.

This plant reproduces by spores.  It can be propagated by rootstock division.  When potting, you may want to create a humid climate by covering the pot with plastic until the plant is well established.

In some cultures, the dried fronds have been used as a substitute for making for tea.  The tea is sweet, serves as an expectorant and laxative.  

VIDEO Created by NC State Extension's Homegrown series featuring Mark Weathington, Director of JC Raulston Arboretum.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#small spaces#drought tolerant#slow growing#shade tolerant#shade garden#fern#deer resistant#dainty#rock gardens#sun tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#small spaces#drought tolerant#slow growing#shade tolerant#shade garden#fern#deer resistant#dainty#rock gardens#sun tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Asplenium
    Species:
    trichomanes
    Family:
    Aspleniaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Cosmopolitan
    Play Value:
    Easy to Grow
    Textural
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer, Heavy Shade
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 4 in. - 0 ft. 7 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 4 in. - 0 ft. 7 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Fern
    Perennial
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Dense
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    No fruits. This plant reproduces via spores.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    No flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Fronds
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Forms dense, tufted rosettes of deep green evergreen fronds. Late-sprouting, fertile, arching fronds from 10 to 100 more pairs of rounded pinnae. Its sterile fronds lie on the ground once pinnate. .5 in. wide with many oblong pinnae.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Black
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The Stems are dark brown and may be branched.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Rock Wall
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade