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Allium cepa

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
AL-ee-um see-puh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Shallots are members of the onion family native to Asia.  They have a flavor described as somewhere between onion and garlic.  It is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits and can be planted near black walnut trees.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#rabbit resistant#black walnut#deer resistant#vegetable garden#vegetable#edible#cool season vegetable#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#rabbit resistant#black walnut#deer resistant#vegetable garden#vegetable#edible#cool season vegetable#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Allium
    Species:
    cepa
    Family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central Asia
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Edible
    Vegetable
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    12 inches-3 feet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Long and green with a glaucous surface.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting, breakdown of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia, Heinz body anemia), blood in urine, weakness, high heart rate, panting
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    N-propyl disulfide
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No