- Common Name(s):
- Early goldenrod
- Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Early goldenrod is a low maintenance perennial wildlflower in the Asteraceae family. Tolerates drought and clay soil. As the common name suggests, this is one of the earliest blooming goldenrods starting in July. Remove spent clusters to increase blooms. In recent times goldenrods have been blamed for hay fever, but its irritating symptoms are actually caused by ragweed (Ambrosia species), whose pollen is airborn when goldenrod is in flower.
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Mid-summer, July-August; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall
Wildlife Value: Bluestem goldenrod is moderately deer resistant. Flowers are attractive to butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. Songbirds eat the seeds. Solidago support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asteris, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) braccata, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensis, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticincta, Andrena (Cnemidandrena) nubecula, Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) simplex, Perdita (Perdita) octomaculata, Melissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosus, Colletes simulans, and Colletes solidaginis.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Leaf rust is an occasional problem. Divide plant clumps every 2 years to manage growth.
This plant may be confused with: Any other goldenrod speices Solidago spp.
- Early summer into fall
- 1.5-4 ft.
- Flower Color:
- Smooth leaves and stems; lower leaves are large, narrow, toothed, tapering into a long, margined stalk; tiny wing-like leaflets in axis of the slim toothless upper leaves
- Branched panicles of small bright yellow flowers on the ends of stiff stems.
- Dry soil, roadsides, rocky banks, open woods
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 2739