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Solidago bicolor

Common Name(s):
Silver-rod, White goldenrod
Category:
Wildflowers
Comment:

Wildlflower in the Asteraceae family.  This is the only Solidago with white rays in the East. It tolerates drought and clay soils.  In recent times goldenrods have been blamed for hay fever, but its irritating symptoms are actually caused by ragweed (Ambrosia species), whose pollen is airborn when goldenrod is in flower.

Seasons of Interest:

      Bloom: Summer-Fall, July-October

Wildilfe Value:  Flowers are attractive to butterflies, native bees, honey bees and other pollinators. Songbirds eat the seeds.  Members of the genus Solidago support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asterisAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) braccataAndrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensisAndrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticinctaAndrena (Cnemidandrena) nubeculaAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) simplexPerdita (Perdita) octomaculataMelissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosusColletes simulansand Colletes solidaginisThis plant is deer resistant.

This plant may be confused with: Any other goldenrod speices Solidago spp.

Season:
Fall
Height:
1-3 ft.
Foliage:
Elliptical upper leaves; lower leaves are 2-4 in. long, stalked, shallowly toothed and have a grayish down
Flower:
Elongated spikes of white to yellowish white ray flowers surrounding a yellow disk flower on very short branches.
Site:
Dry, often poor soil, road banks, open woods
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
fall bloom, poor soil, drought tolerant, bees, birds, nectar, pollinator, specialized bees, butterflies, fall interest, woodland garden, wildlife, deer resistant, clay soil

NCCES plant id: 2737

Solidago bicolor Solidago bicolor
mwms1916, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Solidago bicolor Solidago bicolor
Fritz Flohr Reynolds, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Solidago bicolor Solidago bicolor
Charles Wohlers, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0