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Solidago altissima

Common Name(s):
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Tall goldenrod
Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers

This perennial wildlfower is in the Asteraceae, or sunflower family.  It has erect,  2-6 ft. stems that occur either singly or in clusters. Stems are covered in narrow green hairy leaves that are between 2.5-3.5 inches long.  Small, dark yellow flowers form a plume-like feathery inflorescence.  It produces alleleopathic compounds, or chemicals that suppress the growth of other plants and it can become weedy.  Although goldenrod is often blamed for hay fever because it is in bloom during that season, ragweed is the likely culprit.  It does well in soils disturbed by humans.

Wildilfe Value: Bees, butterflies, and beetles, especially flower (soldier) beetles (Chauliognathus) are strongly attracted to the nectar-rich flowers.  Members of the genus Solidago support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asterisAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) braccataAndrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensisAndrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticinctaAndrena (Cnemidandrena) nubeculaAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) simplexPerdita (Perdita) octomaculataMelissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosusColletes simulans, and Colletes solidaginisThis plant is deer resistant.


This plant may be confused with: Any other goldenrod speices Solidago spp.

August to November
2-6 feet
Flower Color:
dark yellow
It is extremely rhizomatous and not recommended for smaller planting areas.
disturbed, dry
North America, Canada, Northern Mexico
ncemgva2018, yellow flowers, weedy, drought tolerant, bees, nectar, pollinator, specialized bees, wildlife plant, deer resistant, butterflies, wildlife

NCCES plant id: 2875

Solidago altissima Solidago altissima
urasimaru, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Solidago altissima Solidago altissima
wplynn, CC BY-ND - 4.0
Solidago altissima Solidago altissima
Lindley Ashline, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Solidago altissima Solidago altissima
Ken Slade, CC BY-NC-2.0
Solidago altissima Solidago altissima
Paul Cooper, CC BY-NC-2.0