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Mahonia aquifolium

Common Name(s):
Oregon grape holly
Category:
Shrubs
Comment:

Drought tolerant; slow-growing, but suckers and may form colonies. Best in light shade; color will bleach out if grown in full sun; dislikes summer heat.

Neither a grape or a holly, a member of the barberry family. Some consider one of the best garden shrubs for eastern gardens, from the Lewis and Clark Expedition collection.

Height:
3-6 ft.
Foliage:
Alternate, compound, leathery, glossy leaves; 6-12 in. long; 5-9 leaflets; reddish bronze new growth; purplish bronze in winter
Flower:
2-3 in. racemes of yellow flowers in early spring; mild fragrance; blue-black berries in summer. Raisin-sized berries crown the branches with rows of waxy, bluish fruit.
Zones:
4 to 7
Habit:
Evergreen
Site:
Partial shade; moist, well-drained, acidic soil; avoid hot, dry sites and harsh winds
Texture:
Coarse to medium
Form:
Informal; irregular; upright stems with limited branching
Width:
3-5 ft.
Tags:
drought tolerant, birds, light shade, pollinator, wildlife, shrub, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 1668

Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium
Nacho, CC BY - 2.0
Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium
Domaine du Rayol, le Jardin des Méditerranées, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium, Fall foliage
Lucy Bradley, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium
Nacho, CC BY - 2.0
Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium
Nacho, CC BY - 2.0
Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium
Nacho, CC BY - 2.0
Mahonia aquifolium Mahonia aquifolium
Nacho, CC BY - 2.0