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Viola canadensis

Common Name(s):
Canadian violet
Categories:
Groundcover, Wildflowers
Comment:

Canadian violets are North American wildflowers in the Violaceae family.  They have showy fragrant white tinged with purple flowers from summer to fall. They do not spread by runners like other violets.  They tolerate heavy shade and being planted under black walnut trees.  They freely self-seed to the point of being weedy. They perform better in cool summer climates of the northern U.S. and Canada than in hot summers like most of North Carolina.  They are probably too weedy for rock gardens or boarders but do well in shaded woodland gardens.

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Summer-Fall, June-October

Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees.  Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisAndrena (Gonandrena) integraand Andrena (Gonandrena) platypariaThis plant is resistant to damage by deer.

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Agressively self-seeds.

Season:
Spring, summer
Height:
.5-1.5 ft.
Foliage:
Heart-shaped leaves; smooth to slightly hairy; one or more leafy stems
Flower:
0.7 in. flowers on slender stalks arising from the leaf axis; white petals tinged with lilac on the back
Habit:
Herbaceous perennial
Site:
Rich soil; partial shade to shade; prefers cool temperatures; medium to wet, well-drained soils.
Size:
1-1.5 ft
Texture:
Fine
Form:
Clump-forming, mounding
Growth Rate:
Rapid
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
weedy, specialized bees, fragrant flowers, bees, nectar, pollinator, fragrant, deer resistant, black walnut, deep shade, heavy shade, butterflies, woodland garden

NCCES plant id: 2784

Viola canadensis Viola canadensis
Anneli Salo, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Viola canadensis Flower
Anneli Salo, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Viola canadensis Leaf
Arx Fortis, CC-BY-SA-3.0