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Pontederia cordata

Common Name(s):
Pickerel weed, Pickerelweed
Cultivar(s):
Alba , P. cordata var. lancelolata , Angustifolia
Categories:
Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Water Garden, Wildflowers
Comment:

Pickerelweed is a herbaceous perennial that grows in wet environments with water depth up to one foot. It grows 2-4 feet above the water surface. Throughout the summer, purple 6 inch spikes mature. It grows in clumps that get larger each year.

Grows in shallow water (up to 18 in. covering the crown); sun to partial shade; can be grown in 5 gallon tub; thick creeping rootstock.

Regions: Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom: Summer, fall; Fruit/Nut/Seed: Fall

Wildlife Value: Pickerelweed is highly deer resistant. Butterflies and bumblebees visit the blooms for nectar. Members of the genus Pontederia support the following specialized bee: Florilegus (Florilegus) condignus. Seeds are eaten by ducks.

 

 

Season:
Summer to fall
Light:
Full sun to partial shade
Foliage:
4 to 10 in. glossy, erect, deep green, egg- to lance-shaped leaves; heart or wedge-shaped base with distinctive swirling; apex tapers to a point
Flower:
3 to 6 in. spike of bright lavender-blue ephemeral flowers; two yellow spots on the middle upper lobe of the corolla; strong odor
Site:
Shallow water of ponds, streams, lakes and ditches
Exposure:
Full sun to partial shade
Soil:
Wet
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
pond, pond plant, water plant, bees, nectar, pollinator, specialized bees, container, water garden, riparian, wildlife

NCCES plant id: 2447

Pontederia cordata Form
Lucy Bradley, CC BY-NC-SA - 4.0