- Common Name(s):
- Crane's bill geranium, Cranesbill, Wild geranium
- Groundcover, Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Geranium maculatum, commonly called Wild geranium, Cranesbill, Crane's bill geranium or Spotted geranium is a woodland perennial flower in the Geraniaceae family that will naturalize in optimum growing conditions. Flowers give way to distinctive, beaked seed capsules which give rise to the common name of crane's bill. Deadheading is tedious and probably unnecessary since plants usually do not repeat bloom. Dry soil can lead to foliage may yellow in hot summers. Foliage may yellow and die back after flowering anyway in hot summer climates so cut back and shape it to revitalize. Works well in part shade areas of borders and woodland gardens. Plant a large number to mass for a showy ground cover.
Garden uses include part shade areas of borders and woodland gardens. Mass for ground cover.
Regions: Mountain, Piedmont
Seasons of Interest:
Foliage: Fall Bloom: Spring, April-May Nut/Fruit/Seed: Summer
Wildlife Value: Nectar from flowers attract butterflies and bees. Songbirds eat the seeds. Members of the genus Geranium support the following specialized bee: Andrena (Ptilandrena) distans. Tolerates damage by deer and rabbits.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems but watch for snails and slugs. Rust and leaf spot may occur.
This plant may be confused with: Geranium sanguineum
- Spring, summer
- Sun, part shade
- 1-2 ft.
- Flower Color:
- Pink to lilac purple
- USDA Hardiness Zone 3 to 8
- Wild geranium features a pair of deeply cut 5-parted (lobed) and sharply toothed leaves, 3-6 in. long with hairy stems. The leaves at the base are long-stalked. Attractive fall color.
- Wild geranium forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. The flowers give way to distinctive, beaked seed capsules which give rise to the common name of crane's bill.
- Herbaceous perennial
- Wild geranium is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It prefers moist, humusy soils, but tolerates poor soils. It will naturalize in optimum growing conditions. Deadheading is tedious and probably unnecessary since plants usually do not repeat bloom. The foliage may yellow in hot summers if soil is allowed to dry out. Foliage may decline after flowering in hot summer climates, at which point it may be lightly sheared back and shaped to revitalize.
- 1'5" - 2"
- Full sun to partial shade
- Tolerates dry
- Growth Rate:
- Life Cycle:
- Annual or perennial
NCCES plant id: 2585