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Large-flowered Bellwort Uvularia grandiflora

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
oo-voo-LAR-ee-a gran-dih-FLOR-uh
Description

Large Bellwort is an easy to grow native perennial wildflower in the Colchicaceae family and is found mostly in the western part of NC. The large pendulous lily-like yellow flowers give the plant a droopy appearance due to their weight and the weight of the leaves. Blooming occurs in April and May. Mulch with pine needle to deter slugs.

It prefers moist, humusy soil and partial shade to full shade but can tolerate occasional dry soil. The root system is rhizomatous, from which offsets are often produced and can occasionally form colonies. Works well in woodland gardens, shady borders or allowed to naturalize. A great companion to ferns, Hostas and other woodland plants.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems though young plants can be damaged by slugs.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#yellow#perennial#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#nectar plant#cut flowers#low maintenance#specialized bees#native garden#woodland#borders#spring interest#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#naturalized area#food source summer#food source nectar#food source pollen#dry soils tolerant#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#showy flowers#yellow#perennial#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#nectar plant#cut flowers#low maintenance#specialized bees#native garden#woodland#borders#spring interest#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#naturalized area#food source summer#food source nectar#food source pollen#dry soils tolerant#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Uvularia
    Species:
    grandiflora
    Family:
    Colchicaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern US
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NH , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: MB , ON , QC
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the genus Uvularia support the following specialized bee: Andrena (Derandrena) uvulariae.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 4 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    3-celled seed capsule with 3 rounded lobes and a rounded tip. The cells contain several seeds. They display from July to August
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1.5 inch deep lemon-yellow flowers with six smooth but twisted perianth parts. The solitary flower is pendulous and shaped like a long narrow bell. They bloom from April to May
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Up to 6 inch long and 2-inch wide pale green lance-shaped leaves that circle the stem and have a fine down on the lower surface.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heavy Shade