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Ulmus pumila

Common Name(s):
Chinese elm, Siberian elm
Cultivar(s):
'Chinkota' - Seed-produced line of extra cold-hardy trees., 'Coolshade' - Resistance to limb breakage during storms , 'Improved Coolshade' - Drought tolerant, hardy, resistant to limb breakage, 'Lincoln' - Resistant to Dutch elm disease, 'Morton Plainsman' (Vanguardâ„¢)- Good disease resistance and tolerance of harsh climatic and cultural situations, 'New Horizon' - Resistance to Dutch elm disease and tolerance of harsh growing conditions, Pendula' - Branches that show a more weeping habit
Category:
Trees
Comment:

Fast growing for quick shade and works for erosion control but this is a high maintenance tree that is not particularly attractive.  It does tolerate drought and air pollution.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  The leaves often eaten by elm leaf beetle. Other problem insects include borers, leaf miner,  mealy bugs, caterpillars, and scale. It is resistant but not immune to dutch elm disease and phloem necrosis. It suffers from various wilts, rots, and cankers.  This tree suffers from brittle wood and is often damaged by winds or snow load. Invasive and not recommended.

Consider planting instead:  Ulmus parvifolia

 

Height:
50-70 ft.
Flower:
Not showy, reddish green early spring, followed by thin wafer like chartreuse green samara fruit
Zones:
4-9
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun; range of soil types
Texture:
Medium to fine
Form:
Rounded; open; large ascending branches
Width:
40-60 ft.
Growth Rate:
Rapid
Leaf:
1 to 3 in. alternate, elliptic to oblong simple leaves; smooth dark green above and glabrous below, acuminate tips, serrate margins; no appreciable fall color
Tags:
air pollution, deciduous, weedy, drought tolerant, brittle wood, invasive, high maintenance

NCCES plant id: 2237

Ulmus pumila Form
Bruce Marlin, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ulmus pumila Leaves
Melburnian, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ulmus pumila The buds of the Siberian elm are short and squat and tend to project upward relative to the orientation of the subtending branch.
Matt Lavin, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Ulmus pumila Bark detail
MONGO, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ulmus pumila Elm leaf miner
Jeremy Beall, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Ulmus pumila Chartreuse green wafer-like samaras appear early spring around the time leaves emerge.
Thayne Tuason, CC BY-NC-2.0