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Sabal palmetto

Common Name(s):
Cabbage palm
Categories:
Native Plants, Trees
Comment:

A native tree in the palm (Arecaceae) family. It is not hardy in piedmont or mountains but does well in the southeasten tip of NC's coastal plain.  It is found in maritime forests, marsh edges, and other near-coastal communities.  It  tolerates salt spray.

Regions: Coastal Plain

Seasons of Interest:

Bloom: Summer, July

Wildlife Value: Fruits are eaten by birds. This plant is seldom damaged by deer.

Compare this Plant to: Sabal minor

 

Height:
20-30 ft.
Foliage:
Palmate, fan shaped 5 ft. leaves on 2 to 7 ft. stems
Flower:
White, fragrant, 2' flower cluster in June; black fruit
Zones:
7b-10
Habit:
Evergreen
Site:
Sun to partial shade; range of soil types (wet, dry)
Texture:
Medium to coarse
Form:
Palm; columnar
Fruit:
Black
Width:
10-15 ft.
Growth Rate:
Moderate
Leaf:
Palmate, fan shaped 5 ft. leaves on 2 to 7 ft. stems. Fronds of cabbage palmettos have a distinctive arch (unlike the smaller dwarf palmetto, Sabal minor).
Tags:
fruit, birds, fragrant, wildlife, salt tolerant, deer resistant, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 2187

Sabal palmetto Sabal palmetto
Sabal palmetto The filaments and the long, triangular rib are good identification marks to differentiate cabbage palmetto from dwarf palmetto.
Sabal palmetto Form
Katja Schultz, CC BY - 2.0
Sabal palmetto Beneath the fronds, the old leaf bases make a crisscross pattern on the upper trunk. There is no true bark.