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Populus deltoides

Common Name(s):
Eastern cottonwood, Eastern poplar
Categories:
Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Common cottonwood, in the Salicaceae family, is a large, fast-growing tree or shrub reaching over 60 feet at maturity.  It can be weedy as seedlings and produce copious root sprouts. Leaves are alternate, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, triangular, with serrated margins and flattened petioles. Fruit is a capsule with seeds surrounded by cotton-like hairs that facilitate wind and water dispersal. 

Easy to transplant; short lived; messy tree; brittle wood; use with caution.  

Management of Populus deltoides: Tree and shrub seedlings are not well managed by preemergence herbicides, and selective postemergence controls are not available. Hand pull seedlings when small.

Height:
75-100 ft.
Flower:
Nonshowy flowers; cottony mass
Zones:
2-9
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun; range of soil types; drought and air pollution tolerant
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Pyramidal in youth; broad vase with open branches with age; becomes ragged and irregular
Width:
50-75 ft.
Growth Rate:
Rapid
Leaf:
3 to 5 in. alternate, simple medium green leaves; modest fall color
Tags:
deciduous, weedy, weed

NCCES plant id: 2124

Populus deltoides Populus deltoides Seeds
Andrey Aharkikh, CC BY - 2.0
Populus deltoides Populus deltoides Male Catkins
Dan Mullen, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Populus deltoides Populus deltoides Form
Jay Sturner, CC BY - 2.0
Populus deltoides Habit
Populus deltoides Stem
Populus deltoides Abaxial leaf surface