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Liriodendron tulipifera

Common Name(s):
Tulip poplar, Tulip tree, Yellow poplar
Cultivar(s):
Arnold
Categories:
Native Plants, Trees
Comment:

Yellow-Poplar is a native deciduous tree that may grow 90 to 120 feet tall. The tree has alternate, palmately veined, 4-lobed leaves with a smooth margin. The bark is smooth and dark green on young trees. As the tree ages, wide, white furrows that separate flat ridges develop. In late spring, 2.5-inch flowers with yellow-green petals and an orange corolla mature. The tree produces and aggregate of overlapping samaras which separate at maturity in the late fall.

Branches can be brittle.  It is not a true popular; Some leaves will turn yellow and drop during drought.  Beautiful clear yellow fall foliage; tall straight trunk; attracts wildlife.  Host plant for the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail butterfly. Hummingbirds, butterflies, and birds like cedar waxwings feed on the nectar from flowers. White-tailed deer, gray squirrels, and some songbirds eat the flowers in the spring. White-tailed deer browse the foliage and twigs. Rabbits eat the buds and inner bark of young trees.

Height:
40-150 ft.
Flower:
2-3 in. yellowish green and orange, cup shaped upright, fragrant flowers in late spring
Zones:
4-9
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun; moist, well drained soil
Texture:
Coarse
Form:
Tall, straight trunk; upper branches create a rounded crown; in an open landscape has more upright, oval shape
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade; moist, well drained soil
Width:
20-40 ft.
Growth Rate:
Moderate to rapid
Leaf:
6-8 in. alternate, simple leaves with short lobes; clear yellow to yellow green fall color
Tags:
yellow flowers, attracts wildlife, deciduous, filtered shade, fall color, native tree, pollinator, shade tree, fragrant flowers

NCCES plant id: 504

Liriodendron tulipifera Liriodendron tulipifera
Wendy Cutler, CC BY - 2.0
Liriodendron tulipifera Fall color
Lotus Johnson, CC BY-NC-2.0
Liriodendron tulipifera Leaves
Bri Weldon, CC BY - 2.0
Liriodendron tulipifera Bark
Enviro Runner, CC BY - 2.0
Liriodendron tulipifera Flower
Stanze, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Liriodendron tulipifera Leaf blotch mines
Katja Schultz, CC BY - 2.0