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Ilex verticillata

Common Name(s):
Black alder, Winterberry, Winterberry Holly
Cultivar(s):
Afterglow , Bright Horizon , Nana 5 ft., Winter Red 9 ft., Red Sprite, Sunset 8 ft., Carolina Cardinal, Maryland B, Winter Gold
Categories:
Native Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Purplish green foliage turns black with first frost; attracts birds; male and female plants; male and female plants required for pollination; fruit attracts birds; tends to sucker and form clumps; native to eastern US; tenders to spread by suckers; best fruit production in full sun

Height:
6-15 ft.; varies with cultivar
Foliage:
Alternate, simple, dark green leaves; serrated to doubly serrated; purplish green foliage in fall turns black with first frost
Flower:
Small, white flowers in early summer; small, bright red berries in dense clusters on female plants; persists into winter
Zones:
3-9
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun to partial shade; range of soil types (dry, wet) but prefers moist, acidic, highly organic soil but tolerates a range of conditions including wet soil
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Oval rounded; twiggy branches; multistemmed clump
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade; average to wet soil
Fruit:
Bright red berries on female plants; persists into winter
Width:
6-10 ft.
Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate
Leaf:
1.5 to 3 in. alternate, simple leaves; purplish green foliage turns black with first frost
Tags:
deciduous, TSC

NCCES plant id: 493

Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata group planting
Photo by Tom Potterfield, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Ilex verticillata 'Bright Horizon' Ilex verticillata 'Bright Horizon' in fruit
Photo by Tom Potterfield, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata fruit detail
Photo by Kerry Woods, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Ilex verticillata Ilex verticillata - flower close up
By Cranbrook_Science, CC BY - 2.0