- Common Name(s):
- Chinese holly
- 'Burford', 'Dwarf Burford', 'Carissa'
- Shrubs, Trees
Drought and heat tolerant; use as a small tree or hedge; can be severely pruned. 'Burford' is a very popular cultivar. Often used as a small tree. Will become overgrown on small residential sites.
Wildlife Value: Fruits are attractive to birds. Flowers attract bees. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
- 8-25 ft.
- Alternate, simple dark green leaves; 1.5-4 in. long; three strong spines on apex; one or two spines at base
- Small, dull white flowers in spring; 0.2-0.3 in. bright to dull red berries; persists into winter
- Sun; range of soil types; drought and heat tolerant
- Medium to coarse
- Upright, rounded shrub that can be trained into a small tree or hedge
- 5-10 ft.
- Growth Rate:
NCCES plant id: 1581