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Eleagnus umbellata

Common Name(s):
Japanese silverberry, autumn elaeagnus, autumn olive, spreading oleaster
Categories:
Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Eleagnus umbellata is a weedy decidous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. It can fix nitrogen in its roots.  The leaves are alternate, dark green (young leaves have silvery scales) with entire but wavy margins.  It has sharp thorns, and pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers.  The unripe berry fruit is silvery yellow. It ripens to red, dotted with silver or brown and is edible.  The fruit contains high amounts of lycopene.  Seeds are dispersed by birds.  It threatens native species by outcompeting them and interfering with natural nutrient cycling and plant sucession.

Alternatives that are less weedy:

 

Height:
20 ft.
Flower:
fragrant
Habit:
dense crown
Growth Rate:
fast
Tags:
deciduous shrub, invasive, deciduous, weed

NCCES plant id: 2869

Eleagnus umbellata Eleagnus umbellata
Nathan Wilson, CC BY-SA - 4.0
Eleagnus umbellata Eleagnus umbellata
MichaelPortrayingLife.com, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0
Eleagnus umbellata Eleagnus umbellata
Lotus Johnson, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Eleagnus umbellata Eleagnus umbellata
Lotus Johnson, CC BY-NC - 4.0
Eleagnus umbellata Eleagnus umbellata
Evan M. Wheeler, CC BY-SA - 4.0