- Common Name(s):
- Japanese silverberry, autumn elaeagnus, autumn olive, spreading oleaster
- Shrubs, Trees
Eleagnus umbellata is a weedy decidous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. It can fix nitrogen in its roots. The leaves are alternate, dark green (young leaves have silvery scales) with entire but wavy margins. It has sharp thorns, and pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers. The unripe berry fruit is silvery yellow. It ripens to red, dotted with silver or brown and is edible. The fruit contains high amounts of lycopene. Seeds are dispersed by birds. It threatens native species by outcompeting them and interfering with natural nutrient cycling and plant sucession.
Alternatives that are less weedy:
- strawberry bush, Euonymus americanus
- wax-myrtle, Myrica cerifera
- meadowsweet, Spiraea latifolia
- mapleleaf viburnum, Viburnum acerifolium
- 20 ft.
- dense crown
- Growth Rate:
NCCES plant id: 2869