Please submit a search term.

Betula nigra

Common Name(s):
River birch
Cultivar(s):
Duraheat, Little King Fox Valley (dwarf), Heritage, Summer Cascade (weeping), Shiloh Splash (variegated foliage)
Categories:
Native Plants, Trees
Comment:

Multi-trunk is desired; native; graceful branching; easy to transplant; best not to prune in spring- sap "bleeds"; heat tolerant; cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark; may drop some leaves during dry weather; seeds attract birds. This tree is resistant to damage by deer.

Height:
40-70 ft.
Flower:
Fruiting catkins
Zones:
4-9
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun to partial shade; moist, well-drained soil; will tolerate damp soil
Texture:
Fine to medium
Form:
Pyramidal when young; upright; open; thin twigs
Width:
40-60 ft.
Growth Rate:
Moderate to rapid
Leaf:
2- to 3.5-inch, alternate, simple leaf; modest yellow fall color
Tags:
riparian, deciduous, facultative-wetland, deer resistant, TSC

NCCES plant id: 1921

Betula nigra Betula nigra in the city
Photo by Chris Kreussling, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Betula nigra 'Heritage' B. nigra 'Heritage' foliage detail
Photo by Maggie and her camera, CC BY-NC-2.0