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Amelanchier canadensis

Common Name(s):
Serviceberry, Shadbush, Shadbush serviceberry
Cultivar(s):
Prince William
Categories:
Native Plants, Trees
Comment:

Amelanchier canadensis, commonly called shadblow serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-30' tall.  Its bark is smooth when young.  As the tree ages, the bark develops rough long ridges and furrows. 

Regions:  Piedmont, Coastal Plains

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaves:   Fall               Blooms:    Early spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Summer

Wildlife Value:  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  It is a host plant for the Red-Spotted Purple and the Viceroy butterflies.  Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms.  The fruits are eaten by songbirds and both small and large mammals.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Rust, leaf spot, blight and powdery mildew are sometime disease problems for the serviceberry.  Insects that may effect this plant include the sawfly, leaf  miner, borers and scale.

Height:
6-20 ft.
Flower:
The Serviceberry features showy, 5-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters which appear before the leaves emerge in early spring. Its spring flowers give way to small, round, green berries which turn red and finally mature to a dark purplish-black in early summer. Edible berries resemble blueberries in size and color and are used in jams, jellies and pies.
Zones:
3-7
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
The Serviceberry grows best in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It is tolerant of a somewhat wide range of soils.
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Irregular; low, shrubby, often multi-stemmed plant
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade; moist, well-drained soil, but tolerates moisture well
Fruit:
Sweet, purplish-black berries
Width:
15-20 ft.
Growth Rate:
Moderate
Leaf:
The Serviceberry has finely toothed, elliptic, medium to dark green leaves (1-3" long) that change to orange-red in autumn. The leaves are alternate and simple.
Tags:
fruit, showy flowers, deciduous, fall color, native, birds, gold, butterflies, naturalized, deer resistant, wildlife

NCCES plant id: 438

Amelanchier canadensis berries
Suzanne Long , CC-BY-SA-2.0
Amelanchier canadensis fall color
Chris Kreussling, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Amelanchier canadensis flower detail
Kew, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Amelanchier canadensis flowering shrub
Rachel James, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0