- Common Name(s):
- Red buckeye, Scarlet buckeye, firecracker plant
- Atrosanguinea, Humilis, Splendens, Splendens, Humilis
- Native Plants, Poisonous Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Aesculus pavia, commonly called red buckeye, is a deciduous clump-forming shrub or small tree with an irregular rounded crown. It typically grows 10-20’ tall. Its bark is splotchy, gray-brown and initially smooth. but with size will develop scaly patches.
Regions: Piedmont, Coastal Plains
Seasons of Interest:
Blooms: Early spring Nut/Fruit/Seed: Fall
Wildlife Value: This plant is moderately resistant to damage by deer. Hummingbirds feed on nectar from flowers in the early spring. The seeds are eaten by squirrels.
Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Leaf blotch can be a significant problem for this plant.
- 10-20 ft. ; can grow to 30 ft.
- The Red buckeye has showy, erect, 4-10” long panicles of red to orange-red. Its narrow-tubular flowers appear in spring. It has smooth, light brown, globular (1-2” diameter) seed capsules which encase 1-3 shiny seeds called buckeyes that ripen in the fall.
- The Red buckeye grows best in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It prefers moist, fertile soils. The foliage tends to scorch and generally depreciate in dry conditions. The foliage appreciates some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. This plant can be grown from seed, and may flower as early as the second or third year.
- Clump forming, rounded top
- Partial shade
- 6 in. panicles of medium red flowers in spring
- USA, NC
- Coastal Plain
- Poison Part:
- Seeds and tea made from leaves and sprouts
- Poison Delivery Mode:
- Muscle weakness and paralysis,dilated pupils, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, paralysis, and stupor
- Toxic Principle:
- Glycoside aesculin, saponin aescin, possibly alkaloids
- Highly toxic, may be fatal if eaten.
- Found in:
- Forest or natural area in low woods and along streams; landscape, as cultivated flowering tree
- 10-20 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- The Red buckeye has palmately compound, shiny, dark green leaves that are attractive in spring and early summer, but usually begin to decline by August. The leaves are 3 to 6 inches, opposite, with 5 to 7 leaflets.
NCCES plant id: 434