- Common Name(s):
- California buckeye
- 'Canyon Pink'
- Poisonous Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Deciduous shrub or sometimes small tree with and open flat-topped crown and short trunk. It has an early leaf drop and is deciduous much of the year revealing its smooth silver-gray bark. Branchlets are reddish gray-brown when young. This plant usually breaks dormancy in late winter, but will return to dormancy during hot, dry summer months.
Seasons of Interest:
Leaf: Early fall Bloom: Spring/Summer May-June Fruit/Nut/Seed: Summer/Fall Buds: Winter, sticky Bark: Winter, attractive gray
Wildlife Value: Nectar from flowers attracts, hummingbirds and butterflies. Tolerates damage by deer.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Bagworms, Japanese beetle and borers can be problems. It can suffer from powdery mildew, rust, and anthracnose. Responds to intense heat, wind or drought stress by dropping leaves. All parts of California buckeye are poisonous to humans if ingested.
- 15-30 ft
- Opposite, shiny dark green palmately divided leaves with 5 narrow-elliptic leaflets (each to 6” long) with fine marginal teeth.
- Long (4-12”), terminal clusters of creamy white or pinkish fragrant flowers appear from May-June. The stamens are longer than the 5 petals. The fruit is a smooth, pear to fig-shaped leathery capsule with 1-3 large, brown, shiny seeds, each with a pale scar (the "buck's eye").
- Full sun to partial shade. Needs to be planted in a protected area north of zone 6. Preforms best in medium moisture, well-drained soil.
- Flat topped crown
- Poison Part:
- Seeds and tea made from leaves and sprouts
- Poison Delivery Mode:
- Muscular weakness and paralysis, dilated pupils, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, paralysis, and stupor
- Toxic Principle:
- Glycoside esculin, saponin aescin, possibly alkaloids
- HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN!
- Found in:
- Landscape as cultivated woody shrub
- 15-30 ft
- Growth Rate:
NCCES plant id: 939