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Tropical Myrtle Syzygium aromaticum

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Caryophyllus aromaticus L.
  • Caryophyllus hortensis Noronha
  • Caryophyllus hortensis Noronha Caryophyllus silvestris Teijsm. ex Hassk. Eugenia aromatica (L.) Baill. Eugenia caryophyllata Th
  • Caryophyllus silvestris Teijsm. ex Hassk.
  • Eugenia aromatica (L.) Baill.
  • Eugenia caryophyllus (Spreng.) Bullock & S.G.Harrison
  • Jambosa caryophyllus (Thunb.) Nied.
  • Myrtus caryophyllus Spreng.
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

The clove tree is a bushy, tropical evergreen woody plant native to the Maluku Islands of Indonesia.  The preferred growing condition for this tree is a mixed maritime forest in the tropics.  The tree is grown commercially for the flower buds, which are picked soon after they appear and then dried, yielding the clove.   The fruit matures about 9 months after flowering, and each flower yields one seed.  The seeds are viable for only a week or two and are cultivated in nursery beds protected from direct sunlight.  Harvesting of the flowers is not done until a tree is at least 4 years old, and the trees can live up to 100 years.  The clove tree is monoecious, producing both male and female flowers on the same plant.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#medicinal#broadleaf evergreen#tropical tree#spice
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#medicinal#broadleaf evergreen#tropical tree#spice
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Syzygium
    Species:
    aromaticum
    Family:
    Myrtaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used for centuries as a spice, the distilled essential oil is used for flavoring foods, cigarettes, perfume, and a variety of pharmaceutical uses.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Maluku Islands of eastern Indonesia
    Distribution:
    Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India, Borneo, Seychelles, Brazil, Caribbean
    Edibility:
    The dried flower buds are used as a spice, and the oil distilled from the flowers and leaves is used as a flavoring for a variety of products.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 24 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herb
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    11b, 11a, 12a, 12b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Dark purple, oblong, juicy and generally one-seeded
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Good Dried
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers emerge pale and glossy, turning first green and then a bright red as they mature to the fruiting stage. On commercially cultivated trees, flowers are picked at the bud stage before they progress to fruit (about 9 months after flowering). Time of flowering depends on the geographical location.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Pink
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves have aromatic oil glands on the underside, and grow along numerous short branches
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    Yes
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Understory Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Humidity
    Salt
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Allergic reaction possible with prolonged exposure
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Distilled essential oil without sufficient dilution
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Leaves
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds