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Styphnolobium japonica 'Pendula'

Previously known as:

  • Sophora japonica 'Pendula'
Phonetic Spelling
styf-noh-LOH-bee-um juh-PON-ih-kuh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Weeping Chinese Pagoda is a smaller and weeping form of Styphnolobium japonica, a slow growing, flowering, small tree in the bean family. The S. japonica species will typically reach a height of 75 feet at maturity, but the 'Pendula' cultivar will reach only a third of that height. In its native environment, it can be found in open country in western China but, despite its species name japonica, not in Japan. Although not native to Japan, the species name reflects the early use of the tree in Japan around Buddhist temples. Its weeping form is graceful and the fragrant flowers make it an excellent specimen for a small space or Asian garden or in a space where it can be admired. 

Plant in the full sun to partial shade in rich, moist well-drained sandy loams in full sun to part shade. To maximize flowering, it is best to plant in full sun. This tree will tolerate city pollutants and urban conditions and, once established, heat and some drought. S. japonica is slow-growing and new saplings may take as long as 10 years to flower.  The 'Pendula' rarely flowers or produces fruits.

As the tree ages, the branches droop and can require pruning for clearance under the canopy.  It typically grows with multiple trunks, but can be trained to become a single trunked tree.  It has a resistance to damage from storms.

Diseases, Insect Pests, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. Potato leafhoppers can damage young stems, causing breakage  Twig blight, verticillium wilt, canker, powdery mildew and rust may occur.

More information on Styphnolobium japonicum.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#weeping#deciduous#small tree#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#specimen#slow growing#salt tolerant#pendulous#low maintenance#winter interest#air pollution tolerant#cascading#deciduous tree#patio tree#butterfly friendly#winter garden#poor drainage tolerant#tree#broadleaf#butterflies
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#weeping#deciduous#small tree#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#specimen#slow growing#salt tolerant#pendulous#low maintenance#winter interest#air pollution tolerant#cascading#deciduous tree#patio tree#butterfly friendly#winter garden#poor drainage tolerant#tree#broadleaf#butterflies
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Styphnolobium
    Species:
    japonica
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The flowers and leaves are sometimes used in teas.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Grafting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Western China
    Distribution:
    Japan, Europe, North America, South Africa
    Wildlife Value:
    Butterflies are attracted to the flowers.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Buffer
    Screening
    Textural
    Edibility:
    Contains cytosine, which is similar to nicotine.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Broad
    Cascading
    Rounded
    Weeping
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Bean pods with 1 to 6 seeds making it knobby 3 to 8 inches long that mature to brown in fall and persist into winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Flower Petals:
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small, fragrant, pea-like, creamy white flowers (each 1/2 inch long) bloom in late summer in sweeping terminal panicles to 12 inches long and to 12 inches wide. Flowers fall to the ground around the tree after bloom covering the ground with a blanket of white.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Pinnately compound leaves to 10 inches long with 7 to 10 oval glossy dark green leaflets. Remains attractive throughout the growing season. Leaves retain green color late into fall, resulting in no fall color or at best an undistinguished greenish yellow. Good yellow fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Its young green stems turn dark gray as they age.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Patio
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Butterfly Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Screen/Privacy
    Shade Tree
    Small Tree
    Specimen
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Heat
    Pollution
    Salt
    Storm damage
    Urban Conditions
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    The plant contains cytosine, which resembles nicotine in its toxicity.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    cytosine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No