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Lindera benzoin

Common Name(s):
Spice bush
Cultivar(s):
Rubra , Xanthocarpa
Categories:
Native Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

A drought tolerant native shrub or small tree that is a host plant for several butterflies. Flowers attracts birds; leaves and twigs have a spicy fragrance; larval food for spice bush and tiger swallowtails

Height:
6-12 ft.
Foliage:
Alternate, simple light green leaves; 3-5 in. long; brilliant yellow fall color; leaves and twigs have a spicy fragrance
Flower:
Shiny greenish yellow spicily fragrant flowers in late winter; scarlet red spicy scented fruit in fall
Zones:
5-9
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun to partial shade; moist to dry soil; prefers an alkaline pH
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Rounded shrub to small tree; usually multitrunked; dense
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade; moist to dry soil; prefers an alkaline pH
Fruit:
Shiny greenish yellow spicily fragrant flowers in late winter; scarlet red spicy scented fruit in fall
Width:
6-10 ft.
Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate
Leaf:
3 to 5 in. alternate, simple leaves; brilliant yellow fall color
Tags:
birds, host plant, deciduous, wildlife, butterflies

NCCES plant id: 503

Lindera benzoin Lindera benzoin
William Avery Hudson
Lindera benzoin Lindera benzoin
rockerBOO, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Photo of Lindera benzoin fruit Lindera benzoin
Phillip Bouchard, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Lindera benzoin Lindera benzoin
Regina Kreger, CC BY-NC-2.0
Lindera benzoin Lindera benzoin
Lucy Bradley, CC BY-NC - 4.0