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Euonymus alatus

This plant has poison characteristics. See below.
Common Name(s):
Burning bush, Winged euonymus, Winged spindle tree
Cultivar(s):
'Korean Strain', 'Compactus'
Categories:
Poisonous Plants, Shrubs
Comment:

Moderately weedy species of shrub that is drought tolerant and provides stunning red fall color.  Stems have corky "wings" on them hence the common name. It can withstand severe pruning and makes an excellent screen, or hegdge or shrub boarder.  Winged euonymus has escaped plantings and naturalized in at least 21 eastern and mid-western states. In some areas, it is now considered to be a threat to native plants because of its ability to establish itself in woodlands, forests, fields, roadsides and disturbed areas where, if conditions are favorable, it will out-compete native plants to form dense thickets.

 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Leaves: Fall; Bloom: Insignificant; Fruit: Fall

Seed: Capsule

Play Value: Wildlife Enhancement

Wildlife Value: Fruit attracts birds who eat the seeds and distribute them.  This plant is frequently damaged by deer

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Twig blight may occur, particularly in wet soil conditions. Spider mites may appear on stressed plants.

Compare this species to: Euonymus alatus 'Compactus' 

Height:
15-20 ft.
Foliage:
OElliptic to obovate, crenulate to serrulate opposite to sub-opposite, simple leaves; 1-3 in. long; medium to dark green; finely serrated; corky winged branches; excellent red fall color
Flower:
Non-showy, small 4-parted greenish-maroon flowers; 0.5-0.3 in. red, pink, ivory to yellow capsule splitting to show orange-red seeds in the fall.
Zones:
4-8
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Needs full sun to partial shade, more shade equals poorer fall color quality. Withstands a range of soil types except wet, poorly-drained. Plants appreciate consistent moisture, particularly when grown in full sun locations.
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Upright mound; horizontal branches; flat top
Origin:
Russia, Japan, China, Korea
Poison Part:
All parts
Poison Delivery Mode:
Ingestion
Symptoms:
Vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, chills, coma, and convulsions
Toxic Principle:
Unidentified, possibly a glycoside
Severity:
TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN.
Found in:
Forest or natural areas in mixed deciduous forests and low woodlands; weedy in disturbed areas around houses and buildings; land
Width:
8-12 ft.
Tags:
shrub boarder, deciduous, weedy, fall color, specimen, birds, hedge, red, fall, wildlife, screen

NCCES plant id: 1545

Euonymus alatus E. alatus spring foliage and flowers
Photo by Matt Lavin, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Euonymus alatus E. alatus 'Compactus' fall color
Photo by F. D. Richards, CC-BY-SA-2.0