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Chamaerops humilis

Common Name(s):
European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm
Categories:
Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Chamaerops humilis is a beautiful specimen plant. Unpruned, it grows in a nice shrubby form. Pruned (suckers removed), it will grow in a single trunk tree form. It makes a nice barrier or use as a group accent at the corner of the landscape. Use in containers for patio, deck or foundation areas. May be grown indoors as a houseplant.  It is one of the most cold-hardy palms.

Chamaerops humilis is a shrub-like clumping palm, with several stems growing from a single base.  It is easily grown in rich, moist, well-drained soils; prefers a bright sunny location, but tolerates part shade; it loses its compact shape in too much shade. The best growth occurs in Mediterranean-type climates. This palm is moderately salt tolerant.

Height:
6-15 ft.
Foliage:
Light blue green to silver green, deeply cut and fan shaped.
Flower:
Bright yellow flowers bloom in spring but are somewhat inconspicuous, typically hidden from view behind the leaf stems.
Zones:
8-11
Habit:
Evergreen
Site:
Rich, moist, well-drained soils; prefers a bright sunny location.
Texture:
Coarse
Form:
Upright, irregular, rounded, bushy
Width:
6-20 ft.
Growth Rate:
Slow
Leaf:
Huge, distinctive, triangular, fine-textured, palmate-compound leaves. Each leaf (to 24” long and as wide) has 10-20 narrow, finger-like, deeply divided leaflets which are arranged in the shape of a fan at the end of a spiny petiole (leaf stalk to 3-4’ long). The petioles are armed with numerous sharp, needle-like spines;
Tags:
salt tolerant

NCCES plant id: 3327

Chamaerops humilis Fruit
Bathyporeia, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Chamaerops humilis Chamaerops humilis
Damien, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Chamaerops humilis Fruit
Forest and Kim Starr, CC BY - 2.0
Chamaerops humilis Flowers
Martin LaBar, CC BY-NC-2.0
Chamaerops humilis Cut trunk
Torquay Palms, CC-BY-SA-2.0